Deep Cleaning

Gingivitis is the disease of the gum where the inflammation of gum and oral tissue causes the gum to become puffy and red. The inflamed gum is extremely tender and bleeds upon touching. Gingivitis is caused by accumulation of plaque, a bio-film made of different kinds of bacteria, in the pockets around the tooth covered by gum. As the disease progresses, the pockets get deeper and deeper due to inflammation. At this stage, a regular cleaning along with good home care will remove the inflammation and restores the health of your gum tissue. If the disease progresses to more advanced stages called periodontitis, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning or SRP'S) will be recommended. It is usually done one or two quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling). Rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Oral Irrigation directs anti-microbial (anti-plaque) liquid below the gum line to flush out and kill germs to allow the regeneration of healthy tissue. If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a Periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).

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